Looking initially for defining what creativity actually is, first of all there is no clear-cut concluding statement for defining creativity. What psychologists through various researchers have found out is that, creativity is an individual’s trait for solving problems and giving interpretations in a unique way of thought and action process. Creativity is thus a novel way for solving issues or for new ideas. There exist two primary important components of creativity which is the degrees of functionality, which is how useful it can be in real life practical problems, and the originality which is the person’s purely subjective and own way of thinking and doing things and not any extension of pre-existing materials. Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi in his own book, “Flow and the Psychology of Discovery and Invention” has stated that creativity can arise within a person when he or she has unusual perspective and the mind to produce something unique and beyond the facts known. Real life examples of creative people include Alexander Graham Bell, Steve Jobs, etc.
COMBINATION OF CREATIVTY AND POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY
- The authentic self is the sense of responsibility and an integral part of their being and where they try to take the authenticity for what they have given to the society in a creative way or idea. These kinds of people activate their creativity in a daily routine and practice regularly to achieve something great in terms of unique creation. The person’s brand of creativity matters a lot and it can be anything in this earth like artistic, cultural, scientific, etc.
- The positive self of creativity states that being creative can foster optimism and has the large capacity to buffer stress and other negative aspects of an individual’s well-being. Even if creativity is not a person’s strength, still it has a high value for meeting new aspects of life and new ways of confronting people and situations in their daily lives.
- The final and most significant component of creativity in terms of positive psychology is the aspect of flow. Getting into the flow is very usual among the creative people. We can view this with examples like a person being so absorbed and immersed in his or her painting and when someone reads an interesting book with full attention to it.
All the three aspects of creativity are basics for considering it in positive psychology and every part of this has an optimistic value with regards to any individual. These contexts of creativity lead to the highest step of well-being in a person.
SIGNIFICANT THEORIES OF CREATIVITY
- BIG-C CREATIVTY
The study that was done on purely empirical basis and with scientific rigor is the theory commonly called the Big-C of creativity. This theory, along with the two components of creative people, includes thinking in terms of convergent thinking or divergent thinking patterns. The theory had vast controversies in its predictions.
- INVESTMENT THEORY
Psychologists have categorized the theory of investment by Sternberg under the “economic theories of creativity.” This theory poses that every person must have the dedication, persuasion, and other factors like cognitive and personality traits within the right environment. The factors are given as the 6P’s of creativity which are namely potential, place, persuasion, process, product, and personality respectively. He also states that a person buys creative ideas for little value and sells it for a high value in the society.
- SYSTEMS THEORY
The systems theory of creativity in positive psychology, which includes the norms of the 6P’s along with Csikszentmihalyi’s values include the components like the domain, which is the specific type of discipline, the field, that is the people involved within its context and the person with the mind, knowledge, and with the presence of the Big-C attributes.
- EVOLUTIONARY THEORY
As stated by the Darwinian Theory, the evolutionary factors focus on the selective retention and the blind cues from the particular generations, of nurturing creativity within the individual. From the 6P’s place, product, the process and the person are given primary importance or considerations from this theory’s point of view.
- PSYCHOANALYTICAL THEORY
The psychoanalytic theory of creativity by its proponents Freud, Rank, Adler, Jung, Kris, and Hammer states that, people turn into creative beings when they are present at the time of crisis and adding, where their emotions get suppressed. In these situations, they start to rely upon their self’s creative side for escaping or finding a solution to the problem. This theory had the failure of not considering people as both social and biological beings.
- MENTAL ILLNESS THEORY
The mental illness theory for creativity puts forth the value that people having slight levels of mental problems like bipolar, schizophrenia, etc., are said to foster creativity in them. The criticism for this theory is that people have their impaired creativity due to the process of distraction, for example in the context of having stress.
THE REAL NEUROSCIENCE OF CREATIVITY
The right brain is primarily responsible for thinking creatively and in unique innovative ways. But research states that the consideration of a single brain for thinking creatively is not the appropriate way and both the brains have to be taken in cohesion. After the discovery of the fMRI techniques, researchers with long studies through people who are artistic and are somewhat with the flow, have found out that there is no single brain area that can ruled for creativity. Even with the experiments on twin studies, people have identified that creativity and intelligence go hand-in-hand along with the genetic materials. They have also found out that the white region of the frontal lobe of the brain has a numerous number of interlocking neuronal pathways that foster creativity in people. Also, using the ready-made creativity regularly results in the neuroplasticity of creative neurons in the brain.
CHARACTERSTICS OF CREATIVE PEOPLE
- Creative individuals are said to have the best levels of energy, but they are also stated to be at rest and quiet at times.
- People who are creative to a certain extent try to get rid of the rigid and strict gender stereotyping and also have the trait towards androgyny.
- People who are creative in nature are pointed to be smart enough and at the same time naïve beings also.
- Creative people come in pairs of discipline-playfulness or as in the form of responsible-irresponsible patterns.
- Being in complete reality along with the touch of fantasy and imagination is a notable aspect of creative people.
- Personal and other social cues are said to be the barriers of creative thinking in many people and this may vary from every person.
- The creative beings are often considered to be at the very extremes of the extroversion and introversion continuums, respectively.
- Along with the enjoyment and fun part, the creative individual is said to suffer from a great deal of stress and criticism.
- Creative persons do not judge anything immediately and do not go along with any first opinions on a subject.
WAYS TO FOSTER CREATIVTY
- Start reading things and information outside your comfort zone and this will widen your thinking both biologically and psychologically.
- Redefining your existing thought-process is vital by talking and knowing about other people’s values and opinions, without judgment.
- Allow your mind to wander freely, as new ideas emerge through mental wanderings and day-dreaming.
- Be open-minded, have a broad sense of thoughts, and always welcome any new ideas and values.
- When you receive new information about any objective matter try to come and study it with your pre-existing self-thoughts and ideas.
- Having a personal journal about your daily observations is very much beneficial for fostering creativity.