Many times people get knocked down by the struggles and obstacles in their lives. When someone gets up back strong and powerful after the crisis period, then the person is said to be “Resilient”. Resilience is the term used to denote the characteristic of recovering and getting back quickly from adversities and failures, and not just simply return to work, but using chances wisely and growing from it in a profitable development. So it is not a stage of absence of stress and trauma, rather it is growing from their presence. The three R’s of resilience are Recovery from your setbacks, Resistance through inner strength and Reconfiguration and rebuilding yourself, particularly to social environments like office and schools. Resiliency is also a form of happiness and therefore the positive psychology focuses on the pros and benefits of resiliency that will shine lives of people.
For example, resiliency may develop from simple situations like failure in your examination and after this you put hard work and smart work and you achieve good marks; or from bigger events like missing your parents, as you work abroad and you get the resiliency to work by thinking about the pain of wanting them.
THE RESILIENCE THEORY
The resiliency theory of positive psychology states that resilience involves both risk factors and protective factors respectively and both influences an individual accordingly.
RISK FACTORS- Trauma, stress, failures, struggles, loss, isolation, stigma.
PROTECTIVE FACTORS- hope, optimism, growth, positive mind, trust, calmness, acceptance.
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENTAL MODEL
The Social Developmental Model SDM attempts to give an explanation about why both the sides of being, that is, socially competency and antisocial personality arise only from the youth. With further studies and research procedures people have identified that the cues like peer gangs, school, family relationship, faith, etc. all have been influencing the teenager only in the way he or she perceives it in negative aspects and hence the person acts in the groups as a consistent behavior.
THE COMPENSATORY THEORY
The compensatory theory of resilience states that the protective factors in a counteractive manner have the capacity to neutralize the risk and adverse factors. Thus the developmental course is having an opposite effect on the compensatory processes. Healthy eating with issues of violence is an example.
THE CHALLENGE MODEL OF RESILIENCY
The challenge model works on the basis of inoculation that is, it stated that the actual first stage of exposure to minimum levels of stress will actually help in developing coping mechanism in the upcoming times. This theory is particularly worth concentrating on the youth. However, it is also vital for considering the initial levels of stress is not too much nor taxing and demanding one that produce internal stress to the individual. The over-demanding stress will not eventually give the chance or hope for developing coping strategies and ultimately resiliency. For example, a teenage boy who resolved his interpersonal conflicts early in his life is now ready to face social situations and to solve it effectively, rather than any violence.
BIOPSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO RESILIENCE
BIOLOGICAL ASPECTS PERTAINED POSITIVE FOR RESILIENCE;
- Temperamental patterns that are fluid, flexible and lucid are the steps for trust, self-esteem, coping, and resilience.
- Self-awareness about one’s own moods and behaviors, knowing the self’s strengths and weakness, etc. are all necessary to build resiliency biologically.
- General health is very much significant for forming resilience, since if there is good physical and mental health then there is no chance for growth.
- Intelligence though, is an exception in some cases, is also an attribute for considering it as a medium for resilience.
- Appearance, even though people do not accept it, is still a cue for being approachable from one’s physical views and forming relationships.
PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS PERTAINED POSITIVE FOR RESILIENCE;
- Early attachment of one’s early life with a supportive and a loving caretaker will enhance the development of self-esteem, trust, empathy, and resilience.
- Social skills are significant in forming resilience since people should know about the other person’s perceptions and also understand the situations wisely.
- One’s general optimism goes a long way in building resilience positively.
- Compartmentalization is the process where one can cope with their life problems by either neglecting the information or else thinking about some other issues present.
- Recreation is an important aspect of resilience since an individual has to work and play equally for avoiding stress and also to prevent from wasting time.
SOCIAL ASPECTS PERTAINED POSITIVE FOR RESILIENCE;
- Laughing out in social contexts is considered as a defense mechanism since the person is still happy even in the presence of problems in their lives.
- Being approachable is a very important characteristic of resilience since you help others and feel good about yourself.
- Productivity is a component of socially, building resilience since you are concentrating only on your work and not caring about other’s issues and worries.
- Respecting others is much needed for building a powerful self in the future.
- A good vibrant relationship with one’s peers and family is a much needed social aspect of being positive and feeling confident about yourself.
SOME RESEARCH FACTS ABOUT RESILIENCE
- The trait of resiliency is not always present at times of any trauma or adversity and people still remain the same after the worst period.
- The levels of resilience change with people, time, and also across situations and culture.
- School days have a very deep influence in developing resilience in any age of life.
- Some people need help even though they are resilient enough.
- Stress and failure is a compulsory part of resilience and resiliency does not get formed without these two.
- Resilience can be learned by condition, modeling, and life experiences.
- The complexity of which exact kind of people develop resilience and at what situations or events do they bounce back is not fully known, since both vary.
FEW STEPS TO DEVELOP RESILIENCE
- Having a general positive attitude of things helps to build resilience.
- Not depending much on others for even simple tasks is a small step for resilience as you are autonomous in your life.
- Having a strong and unique perspective will help develop this trait.
- Resilience primarily develops from your personal life experiences.
- Have a personal journal for yourself about everything you want to know about or things that you are already strong about.
- Being hopeful enough in life tragedies will get you to the final step of resilience.
- Accept and be ready for anticipating change about something.
- Developing the skills for resilience will not only make you strong and successful, but is also very much beneficial to your mental health.